Nice Sized Hail

How Hail Affects Roofing Shingles

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Weather can be unpredictable, and turbulent weather—especially hail—can damage shingles.  Contractors should explain to homeowners how hail can affect shingles and what they should watch out for.

A manufacturer’s warranty typically will not cover damage to your roof caused by hail, however you should review the details of the warranty covering your shingles in order to determine whether any such coverage is available. Here are some answers to common questions regarding hail damage.

Is damage immediately noticeable? Not always. Hail impact may cause latent damage that can, over time, result in premature aging of the shingles. Without obvious visual damage, there is no real way to be sure how much, if any, damage shingles have encountered. Latent damage caused by hail or severe weather may not be apparent until months or years later and may cause the shingles to age prematurely.

How can I tell if the roof was damaged? Generally, damage can be seen as indentations and/or fractures on the shingle’s surface. Hailstones vary in size, shape, and hardness and can create a random pattern of dents or depressions. If this is not evident, look for indentations on metal flashings, siding, chimney caps, or even skylight flashings. After some time, clusters of granules may come off (at the point of impact) in a random pattern and expose the asphalt.

What are the most common types of damage?

  • Granule loss at points of impact, which may be accompanied by surface depression. Loss of mineral granules as an immediate or gradual consequence of storm damage can lead to the asphalt coating being directly exposed to the elements. This may lead to accelerated aging of the shingle. Therefore, granule loss is NOT just cosmetic damage, and “sugaring” — the process of adding loose granules to damaged shingles with asphalt cement — is not a permanent solution.
  • Cracks in the granule-asphalt surfacing, which may radiate outward from points of impact. Cracks may be present especially if high winds blew the shingles back.
  • Exposed fiberglass mat, where hail shattered the granule-asphalt surfacing causing it to break away from the fiberglass mat.
  • Fractured fiberglass mat, which may or may not be immediately visible. A fractured mat may result in tears radiating out from the points of impact. Furthermore, hidden damage to the mat may later develop into cracks and tears in time as the shingles age.
  • Loosening of the self-seal strip. This damage may or may not be immediately visible and may weaken the seal integrity, creating the possibility of future shingle blow-off.

Can several individual shingles be replaced or should the entire roof be replaced?

While it is possible to replace individual storm-damaged shingles, latent damage to the surrounding shingles caused by a storm can be difficult to assess. Because of the potential for the surrounding shingles to also have experienced storm damage, complete roof replacement is sometimes recommended for the long-term performance of these roofs. If the damage is confined to one plane of the roof, replacement of just the damaged roof plane may be possible. If individual shingles are being replaced, any nails that were removed from surrounding shingles must be replaced and the surrounding shingles must be resealed by hand for the best results.

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  1. A. Michael De Cesare

    Thank you for this informative article re: hail damages to composition roof shingles. This is always a constant battle with homeowners insurance companies as they tend to “blame” the damages on age of the roof shingles rather than accept the fact that there is actual damages to the shingles that not only shortens the life of the roof shingle but could open the door to roof leaks, etc.

  2. Jakov

    Thanks for sharing this article. We are posting it tomorrow on our Roof Advance FB page ( We’ve seen too many folks end up with severe damage to their roof because of poor contracting. Once moisture gets into your house you want to dry it up as quickly as possible. It’s always good to give your roof a once over on a regular basis…just do it safely!

  3. M Kal

    Sometimes the hail can be so damaging that it can cause roof leaks that cause enough water leakage to ruin insulation, soak dry wall and leak on to the floors. The best course of action is to call a roofer to sure up the leak, but the next thing you must do is focus on is drying out your house. Dehumidifiesr, moisture sensor readings and air movers are a must. Water Restoration companies like specialize in those situations.

  4. Martin Fuller

    Hail damage is one of the number one reasons for roof damage in areas like Colorado and Kansas. High winds and heavy rains are usually not as common. It is important to act quickly once hail damage occurs. The longer you let a damaged roof remain damaged, it can cause greater expenses in the long run. A damaged roof can leak and damage the interior of a home. If you are unsure if your roof is damaged by hail, it is best to call a trustworthy, local roofing contractor that has a reputable history. Climbing on a roof can be dangerous unless you are experienced. It is definitely not worth a trip to the hospital. Discus roof warranties with your roofing contractor to determine the best options available for you and your roof.

  5. Steven Moore

    Warranties are huge these days, so many nuances. I had some hail damage done a while back, and just started noticing the effect in a form of a small leak. It’s crazy how it long ago it actually hailed.

  6. Michael Dixon

    Had our roof destroyed by hail last year and the warranty didn’t cover it. Be sure to check with the company installing your roof, what the warranty will and will not cover. Lesson learned.

    • Alex

      I cannot stress enough on how important it is to hire a reputable company that will be able to back up their work as well as the material with a warranty. We always go over warranty information with our customers to ensure that that they are getting what they want. I’m sorry to hear that Michael.

    • Brendan Foster

      Sorry to hear about your roof Michael. Nobody really looks forward to renewing a roof (apart from a contractor of course) Always make sure the roofer you are going to hire comes with a good recommendation. As a contractor, I know the industry inside out and there are, unfortunately, a lot of companies who will not honor their warranty on labor. Buyer Beware. Good luck with the repair

    • Mark

      The roofing companies warranty doesn’t cover hail that occurs after the install is complete. That would be an additional claimable item. The roofing companies warranty covers installation items and issues related to workmanship and the install. The manufactures warranty (GAF per this blog) would cover defects in manufacturing such as granular loss, shingle brittleness or cracking or other items related to the quality of the shingle.

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